INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HUMANITIES SCIENCES RESEARCH (JSHSR)

Abstract


BORROWING AND INTERST RATES IN TURKEY IN THE EARLY REPUBLICIAN PERIOD

Turkey has been a country with a debt problem for quite some time. The history of this stalemate began in 1854 when the Ottoman State received its first known foreign debt and continued to the present day. Ottoman Empire began to borrow towards the period of collapse, this situation brought financial bankruptcy in a very close process and as a result, it was dragged into financial bankruptcy by suffering and paying heavy costs. The newly formed Turkey inherited a legacy of bitter financial experience and heavy debt from the Ottomans. However, this past was not helpful and the Republic of Turkey experienced severe debt crises in certain periods. There are interesting similarities in shape and method between the borrowing of the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Turkey. While the foreign borrowings realized in the first years of the Republic were developed for Project purposes and equivalent budget purposes, the borrowings were made to cover the budget deficits in the following periods. This caused the debts inherited in the Ottoman Empire and its heir, the Republic of Turkey, to not be used in the necessary and efficient areas and control was lost. The Republic of Turkey has gone to high levels of foreign and domestic borrowing, especially after the 1950s. Borrowing situations have pushed the economy into major bottlenecks over time. Has gone to high levels of foreign and domestic borrowing, especially after the 1950s. Borrowing situations have pushed the economy into major bottlenecks over time.



Keywords
External Debt Debt, Capitulations, Balance of Payments, Turkey



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