Countries can ensure their economic and social development and take their place in the global competition if they invest in people and make their workforce qualified. In order to use the resources allocated to education more efficiently, the education system should be qualified. This study contributes to the literature by analyzing and comparing the activities to improve the quality of university education between Poland and Turkey. As a result, we can say that, so many activities are done for increasing the quality of both education systems. It is important to point out that the systems of higher education in Turkey and in Poland need continual improvements in order to work more efficiently.