INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HUMANITIES SCIENCES RESEARCH (JSHSR)

Abstract


GETTING IMPORTENT THE SCALE ECONOMY IN SHIP MANAGEMENT AND REFLECTIONS OF THE TURKISH MARITIME TRADING

Logistics sector has an inverse relationship between the cost and the capacity of transport. The raise in the amount of cargo reduces the costs per unit. It also reduces the cost per unit due to prolongation period of the transport. This caused the growth of vessel size gradually in the maritime trade. Beyond the market and global growth the reduced costs has an impact on the vessel size.The tonnage capacity of the vessels in maritime trade growth is projected to continue in the future projections.In 70’s the multipurpose vessels tonnage growth capacity was seen in the OBO carriers .This growth has given way to oil tankers and bulk carriers. The growth was observed on all ships. The Increasing trade volume ,raised the order of the classified vessel types such as Handymax, Panamax, and Capesize. In today's global business structure, the final reach of the manufactured goods by or without a broker raised the demand for Container transport.the raise in the tonnage is not only seen in dry cargo or oil tankers but also in container vessels and their number has been increasing rapidly.It has been concerned that,there will be different reflections in different cost items.Related with the Scale Economies, freight handling costs are increasing in spite of increasing size of the container ship tonnage which cause decrease transport costs. as a result of this condition, container vessel management companies interested in port management due to reduce their costs. Turkey's maritime trade is not considered as successful in detecting conjectural changes. A capital intensive business, and Turkey's maritime business due to lack of sufficient cooperation could not respond to the needs of large-tonnage vessels that occur in the global market. Due to the difficulties of managing and organizing large companies and to the Turkish shipowners refrain from operating large tonnage ships. Turkish entrepreneurs ship management has been limited partly coaster with weight management based in the Black Sea and Mediterranean basin. Turkish owners tend to operate ships in tonnage from 3,000 to 10,000 deadweight tons.Market demand is the direction of the larger tonnage vessels due to the economic scale. Container Line management requires a management of an extensive organization and corporate structure. Turkish maritime businesses do not have this capability and capacity. Turkish ship owners cannot be able to answer due to lack of demand for large-capacity ships in the investment budget and organizational skills.



Keywords
Maritime Managment, Logistic, Maritime Economics, Strategic Managment.



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