Marx and Rousseau believes that alienation depraves us of good genuine lives, It restrictions our capabilities and don’t permit us to realize our complete potentials. Their theory of alienation affixes value to things that advance human freedom, well-being and development. Alienation can also be understood in the context of the dual structure of human existence; as a person and as communal being. Marx and Rousseau both belong to figures in history that have philosophized and put into action plans and programs that demonstratively distorted the face of politics and history. Each deliberate a set of ideology which would guide their various societies to complete political reform, stepping away from established model of political run to new models which they alleged better represents man. The paper explores the concept of Alienation from Marx and Rousseau perspective.